English-Vietnamese Dictionary
▫ danh từ
hệ điều hành
English Dictionary
operating system
n : (computer science) software that controls the execution of
computer programs and may provide various services [syn:
English-Vietnamese Computing Dictionary
◊operating system
▫operating system
hệ điều hành
English Computing Dictionary
operating system
(OS) The low-level software which handles
the interface to peripheral hardware, schedules tasks,
allocates storage, and presents a default interface to the
user when no {application program} is running.
The OS may be split into a {kernel} which is always present
and various system programs which use facilities provided by
the kernel to perform higher-level house-keeping tasks, often
acting as {servers} in a {client-server} relationship.
Some would include a {graphical user interface} and {window
system} as part of the OS, others would not. The {operating
system loader}, {BIOS}, or other {firmware} required at {boot
time} or when installing the operating system would generally
not be considered part of the operating system, though this
distinction is unclear in the case of a {rommable operating
system} such as {RISC OS}.
The facilities an operating system provides and its general
design philosophy exert an extremely strong influence on
programming style and on the technical cultures that grow up
around the machines on which it runs.
Example operating systems include {386BSD}, {AIX}, {AOS},
{Amoeba}, {Angel}, {Artemis microkernel}, {BeOS}, {Brazil},
{COS}, {CP/M}, {CTSS}, {Chorus}, {DACNOS}, {DOSEXEC 2},
{GCOS}, {GEORGE 3}, {GEOS}, {ITS}, {KAOS}, {Linux}, {LynxOS},
{MPV}, {MS-DOS}, {MVS}, {Mach}, {Macintosh operating system},
{MINIX}, {Multics}, {Multipop-68}, {Novell NetWare}, {OS-9},
{OS/2}, {Pick}, {Plan 9}, {QNX}, {RISC OS}, {STING}, {System
V}, {System/360}, {TOPS-10}, {TOPS-20}, {TRUSIX}, {TWENEX},
{TYMCOM-X}, {Thoth}, {Unix}, {VM/CMS}, {VMS}, {VRTX}, {VSTa},
{VxWorks}, {WAITS}, {Windows 3.1}, {Windows 95}, {Windows 98},
{Windows NT}.
{Usenet} newsgroup: {news:comp.os.research}.
[{Jargon File}]